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Symptoms, causes, and treatments for Colds

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Cold


Symptoms of a Cold

Everyone’s seasonal enemy, the cold, is caused by several types of viruses. Symptoms appear within three days after exposure. Generally your symptoms will start slow and increase in severity over a few days.


Symptoms associated with a cold include:


  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Difficult breathing
  • Nasal drainage
  • Sinus congestion or pressure
  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat

Colds and the flu are distinctly different illnesses. While a cold may increase in its severity over a couple days, the flu presents its severe symptoms -- including fever, body aches, and cough -- in just a few hours.

Causes of a Cold

Until the day science creates a cold vaccine (here’s hoping), the best thing you can do is reduce your chance of infection.


Cold viruses like the rhinovirus can live on everyday items like doorknobs, phones, staplers, and kids’ toys for hours. It’s one of the reasons colds are so widespread: the virus is everywhere.


A virus finds its way into your mouth, nose, or eyes from either airborne body fluid droplets or touching a contaminated object. Once inside, it’ll begin to multiply. Your body will try and fight the illness off, resulting in the previously mentioned symptoms.


Some people are at higher risk for an infection, like children under the age of six, those with weakened immune systems, or people who smoke.

Should I Be Worried?

Most adults can power through a cold with rest, hydration, and non-prescription meds. However, you should see a doctor if you have one or more of these symptoms:


  • Fever above 100 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Fever for five or more days
  • Sore throat
  • Wheezing or shortness of breath


Kids experience similar cold symptoms as adults do, but there are additional warning signs that your child should see a doctor immediately:


  • Fever persisting more than two days
  • Ear ache or pain
  • Headache or coughing
  • Newborns 12 weeks or younger with a fever above 100 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Poor appetite


While many colds pass within a week, persistent symptoms for over 10 days could indicate another infection.


If you’re still suffering after 10 days, schedule a visit with a ZOOM+Care Doctor. They’ll run tests and determine the underlying cause of your illness.


Schedule a cold visit online or from our iOS app today.


Find a neighborhood ZOOM+Care clinic near you in Portland, Seattle, Salem, or Vancouver.

Additional DIY Articles

Sore Throat; Sinus Infection; UTI; Cough; Ear Infection; STI; Bladder Infection; Flu; Rash; Stomach Pain; Earwax Buildup; Bronchitis; Foot Pain; Yeast Infection; Strep Throat; Eye Infection; Fever; Back Pain; Asthma; Neck Pain; Allergies; Insect Bites and Stings; Headache; Diarrhea; Anxiety

Cold Prevention Tips


Consider these tips to help prevent the common cold:


  • Thoroughly wash and dry your hands. Drying is important -- germs love wet surfaces.
  • Fist bump (if you must). If you think your or a friend’s hands are dirty, maybe don’t high five? Research suggests a fist bump might reduce the chances of transmitting germs and viruses.
  • Sanitize your space. Use a disinfectant to clean kids’ toys and surfaces in your home that are frequently touched by the potentially infected.

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